Binary Opposition in the Educational Study in Indonesia: Non Formal Education Deconstructs Formal Education

  • Sjafiatul Mardliyah Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Zainal Abidin Achmad Universitas Pembangunan Nasional ”Veteran”, Surabaya, Indonesia


This paper aims to explain the impact of the implementation of the 2003 Education Act, National Education System. Particularly in the contents of article 1 verse 11 and verse 12. Which of the articles of the law have the same meaning and which are not the same? Is the content of the law neutral or even worthless? Or the contents of the two chapters are loaded with ideological content? This study uses an approach with critical discourse analysis methods. The results of this study concluded that formal education and non-formal education has a strong ideological content and has a hierarchical binary opposition. The formal education system is currently leading to the commodification of education and has an impact on the high cost of education. So in this context, non-formal education in Indonesia should have gained the right position to support the growth of community-based critical education. An educational system that is not interfered with the hegemonic interests of those who take only the advantages and benefits.